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  Tinospora sinensis
 
  Family: MENISPERMACEAE
  Citation:  Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr., Sunyatsenia 1: 193. 1934 & Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Philad. 24. 158. 1935; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 30. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 59. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 14. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 52. 1990; A. Pramanik in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 349. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11,18. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 39. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 51. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 13. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 372. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 9. 2002; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 194. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 83. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 108. 2009. Campylus sinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 113. 1790. Tinospora malabarica (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 183. 1855 & Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 96. 1872. Tinospora tomentosa (Coleb.) Hook. f. & Thoms. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 96. 1872.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pothamruthu, Kattamruthu, Peiamruthu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Leaves 11-14 x 9-11 cm, broadly ovate, apex acuminate, base cordate, 5-7ribbed, scabrous above, densely white tomentose below. Male flowers 3-5 together, pedicelled; sepals 6 in 2 whorls, outer smaller, inner 2 x 1.5 mm, obovate; petals 6 smaller; stamens 6, free, anthers orbicular. Female flowers: sepals and petals similar to male flowers; carpels 3, stigma bilobed, staminodes 6, clavate. Drupe 8 mm long, 1 or 2 together, ovoid, red, glabrous.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in sacred groves in the plains
  Distribution: India to Indo-China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Pamba, Sungam, Ezhimala, Vandanam, Vadapuram
   
 
   
 
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