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  Tinospora formanii
 
  Family: MENISPERMACEAE
  Citation:  Tinospora formanii Udayan & Pradeep, Edinburgh J. Bot. 66: 77. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Woody dioecious climbers; bark smooth, shining, papery, peeling off in thin scales, with prominent leaf-scars; stems up to 4 cm thick, with several prominent concentric rings, lenticellate. Leaves alternate, 6-14 3 4-8 cm, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, coriaceous, glabrous, acuminate at apex, cordate at base, entire; basally 3-nerved, lateral nerves intra-marginal, running to tip of lamina, distinctly looping along margin; lateral nerves 3-4 pairs, reticulation more prominent on lower surface, glandular patches present in basal nerve axils; petioles slender, slightly swollen and geniculate at base, 5-12 cm long, often drying blackish at least at the swollen base and near the lamina. Male inflorescences and flowers unknown. Female inflorescence: a compound elongated pseudoraceme, 5-18 cm long; peduncle c.20 cm long; pedicels 0.5-1.5 cm long; sepals 6, triangular ovate, 2 mm long, greenish-yellow, glabrous, stout; petals 6, ovate, 2 mm long, greenish-yellow, glabrous, stout; staminodes 6, subulate, c.1.3 mm long, stout; stigma sessile, flat, 3-cleft; carpels 3, ellipsoid c.2 mm long; gynophore c.1 mm long. Infructescences up to 25 cm long. Drupes globose, 2 together, 2-3 cm across, red when mature; carpophores 2-3 cm long on 2 cm long peduncles with terminal stylar scar; pericarp thin; endocarp broadly elliptic to subrotund in outline, 2-2.5 3 2-2.5 cm, hard, rigid, tuberculate; aperture small, c.2 mm long on ventral face; condyle intrusive; seeds oblong, subellipsoid, dorsally convex, ventrally narrow-grooved lengthwise, reniform in cross-section; endosperm abundant, horny.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-650
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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