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  Tinospora cordifolia
 
  Family: MENISPERMACEAE
  Citation:  Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers. in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 2, 7: 38. 1855; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 97. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 26(19). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 29. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 67. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 62. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 13. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 52. 1990; A. Pramanik in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 347. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 53. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 15. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 9. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 52. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 193. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 83. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 108. 2009. Menispermum cordifolium Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 826. 1806. Cocculus cordifolius (Willd.) DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 517. 1817.
  Malayalam Name(s): Amrthu, Amrutavalli, Chitamruthu, Siddamirth
  Tamil name(s): Guduchi
  English name(s): Moon creeper, Bile killer, Tinospora, Heart leaved moonseed
  Description: Climber, glabrous; stems smooth, developing a thin parchment-like bark. Leaves simple, alternate, broadly cordate to cordate, basal sinus often very broad, apex abruptly acuminate, 5-15x 5-13 cm; petioles 2-7 cm long. Inflorescences up to 15 cm long, appearing with leaves. Male flowers: main outer 3 sepals greenish-yellow, ovate 1-1.5 mm long, inner 3 elliptic, concave, 3-4 mm long; petals rhombic-clawed, externally papillose towards base, 2-2.5 mm long; stamen clavate, 3 mm long. Female flowers: petals broadly spathulate; staminodes 1.5 mm long, carpels 1.8 mm long. Drupes red, endocarp thinly bony, broadly elliptic to subrotund in outline, 6-7 mm long.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and scrub jungles, also in the plains
  Distribution: Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1400
  Localities: Kothala, Alampetty, Kalladuthupurai, Mannarappara, Pothundy Dam slopes, Olavakkot, Mannanchery
   
 
   
 
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