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  Tiliacora acuminata
 
  Family: MENISPERMACEAE
  Citation:  Tiliacora acuminata (Poir.) Miers ex Hook.f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 187.1855; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 28(20).1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 30. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 67. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 62. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 12. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 52. 1990; A. Pramanik in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 343. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 52. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 37. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 50. 1997; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 19. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 52. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 191. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 82. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 107. 2009. Menispermum acuminatum Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 101. 1797. Tiliacora racemosa Coleb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 67. 1821; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 99. 1872.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vallikanjiram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing shrubs; stems striate, sparsely puberulous or glabrous. Leaves alternate, ovate or lanceolate, truncate, cordate, rarely acute at base, acuminate at apex, 8-14 x 3.5- 8 cm, chartaceous, glabrous, 3-5 nerved at base; petioles 1.5-3 cm long, sulcate, glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, panicled, 3.5-10 cm long, pubescent. Male flowers 2-7 at apex of inflorescence, yellow; sepals 6 in 2 rows; inner ones broadly elliptic, glabrous; petals 6, obovate, glabrous; stamens 6, cylindric. Female flower solitary; sepals and petals as in male ones; carpels 8-12, glabrous, on stalked puberulous gynophore. Drupes on branched carpophores, oblong to obovoid, 10-15 x 6-7 mm, glabrous, red when ripe; endocarp reticulate.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-December
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and also sacred groves in the plains
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -2000
  Localities: Peechi, Nedumkayam, Tiruvalla, Dhoni R. F., Venmony, Muthappanpuzha
   
 
   
 
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