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  Thunbergia fragrans
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Thunbergia fragrans Roxb., Pl. Corm. t. 67. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 390. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1007(707). 1924; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 212. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 600. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 362. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 9, 15; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 350. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 527. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 240. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 308. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 239. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 389. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 555. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 634. 2009. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb. var. laevis (Nees) Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 391. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1007(705). 1924; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 310. 1984. Thunbergia laevis Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 77. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Noorvan-valli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): White Thunbergia, Thunbergia White gem
  Description: Climber, scabrous. Leaves 6-8 x 4-6 cm, ovate, entire, apex acute, base truncate to subcordate, 5-ribbed, scabrid; petiole 4 cm long. Flowers solitary; pedicels 3 cm long; bracteoles 1.5 cm long, ovate-oblong, obtuse, mucronate; sepals of 8-16 fibrils; corolla white, 4 cm across, tube 3 cm long, lobes 3.5 cm; filaments glandular hispid at base. Capsule 1 cm across, glabrous, beak 1.5 cm long, acute.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Vazhani, Kattalappara, Mangaladevi, Peruvaripallam, Mukkali forests, Poochapara, Pampa, Devicolam, Kathalakandy, Pooyamkutty, Kanjirakadavu, Punchakolli, Sharangakavu
   
 
   
 
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