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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Thunbergia bicolor
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Thunbergia bicolor (Wight) Manilal & Suresh, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 421. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 212. 1988. Schmiedia bicolor Wight, Ic. t. 1848. 1852. Thunbergia wightiana Anders., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 9: 448.1867; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4:393.1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1008(708). 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing subshrubs. Leaves opposite, up to 18 x 10 cm, ovate-deltoid, acuminate, truncate or rounded at base, palmately veined, crenate. Flowers in axillary pendent racemes; bracts conspicuous, 2-2.5 cm across, cordate-orbicular, upper half orange red, lower half pale yellow. Calyx an entire or slightly crenulate ring. Corolla bluish, conspicuous, the tube cylindric or ventricose, curved, the limb oblique; lobes 5, twisted to the left in bud. Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted near the base of the corolla-tube; anthers 2-celled, glabrous with a long spur to each cell; Ovary 2-celled; ovules 2 in each cell. Fruit a capsule, globose below, suddenly narrowed to a barren sword-shaped beak; seeds 2 in each cell, globose.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Critically Endangered (CR)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Walakkad, North Walakkad
   
 
   
 
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