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  Thottea sivarajanii
 
  Family: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
  Citation:  Thottea sivarajanii Santhosh, Khan & Binu, Rheedea 10: 117. 2000; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 683. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, 1-2 m tall, with swollen nodes, nodes 20-30 or more per shoots, internodes 2-5 cm long. Leaves alternate, bifarious 13-22 x 2.5 - 6 cm, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate at apex, entire, chartaceous, glabrous above, pubescent berneath; hairs multicellular, geniculate or not, stalk uniseriate, 2-3 celled, apical cell long or short, straight or hooked, base obtuse, rounded or acute; veins prominent, strongly 3-nerved from the base, prominently raised in the upper surface, slightly curved towards the apex, lateral nerves 2-3, tertiary nerves closely reticulate; petiole 3-5 mm long, pubescent, deeply channeled. Flowers in axillary, sessile bracteate peduncled cyme; peduncle 1.5-2 cm long; bracts 6 mm long, ovate-oblong, acute-obtuse at apex, densely hairy, the upper smaller. Flowers regular, 10 mm diameter, deep purple, darker at center; perianth lobed to the base; the lobes 3 (very rarely 4), broadly ovate or sub-orbicular, acuminate or apiculate at apex, 6-8 x 5-6 mm, strigosely hairy without and multicellular cylindrical hairs within; margins strongly reflexed. Gynostemium pubescent with uncinate multicellular hairs. Stamens 6-8 in 3 groups of 2+2+2+, 2+2+3, or 2+3+3, alternating with solitary staminoides between the group, 2-4 staminoides often found beneath the stigmatic lobes opposite or alternate with the stamen groups; filaments covered with the small uncinate hairs; anthers linear, extrorse, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary inferior, 1-1.2 cm long, linear, 4-5 angled, pubescent; stigmatic lobes 4-6, simple or rarely bifurcated, cylindric, crowned by uncinate hairs at apex. Capsule 5-7 cm long, green, glabrescent, sharply 4-angled; seeds many, trigonous, irregularly and transversely corrugated.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Purple, Brown
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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