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  Thottea siliquosa
 
  Family: ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
  Citation:  Thottea siliquosa (Lam.) Ding Hou, Blumea 27: 327. 1981; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 336. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 319. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 229. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 384. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 341. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 395. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 381. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 301. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 21, 29; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 374. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 256. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 573. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 336. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 261. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 548. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 416. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 683. 2009. Apama siliquosa Lam., Encycl. 1: 91. 1783; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1200(840). 1925. Bragantia wallichii R. Br. ex Wight & Arn., Edinb. New Phil. J. 15: 181. 1833; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 73. 1886.
  Malayalam Name(s): Alpam, Karelvegam, Kodaashari, Kuttivayana, Thavasimuringa
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, branchlets angled. Leaves simple, alternate, 19-25 x 5-8 cm, elliptic-oblong, inequilateral, apex acuminate, tomentose below; nerves 5-8 pairs, basal pair rib-like, extending above the middle, nervules parallel; petiole 5 mm long. Flowers in axillary fascicles, 1-5 together, 1.5 cm across; perianth lobed, united into a cup, acute, purplish-brown, lined inside. Stamens 12, united in 3 groups. Ovary 4-celled; ovulesnumerous, 2-seriate; stigma peltate, many-lobed. Capsule to 12 cm x 5 mm, cylindrical, torulose; seeds 2 mm long, trigonous, rugose.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Ernakulam, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Vazhachal, Kattalappara, Kallar, Kulathupuzha, Thannikkudy, Vallakkadavu, Anchurali, Pampa, Kanthalppara, Nelluyampathy forests, Manthampotty, Damsite, Kakki hills, Chandanathode, Teerthundamala, Mukkali forests, Muthikulam forests, Kon
   
 
   
 
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