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  Tetrastigma nilagiricum
 
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Tetrastigma nilagiricum (Miq.) B. V. Shetty, Kew Bull. 44: 477. 1989; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 315. 2000; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 762. 2005. Cissus nilagirica Miq., Linnaea 26: 221. 1854. Vitis muricata sensu Wight & Arn., Prodr. 128. 1834, non Wall. ex Wight & Arn. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Pashalakodi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Scandent shrub; branches terete, striate, muricate; tendrils simple, stout. Leaves 3-5 foliolate, pedate, light green when dry. Petioles 2-5 cm long; terminal leaflet elliptic, acute to rounded at base, serrate and retrorse at margin, acute to acuminate at apex, 6-13 x 3-6 cm; petiolules ca 1 cm long; lateral leaflets oblique, apex and margin as in terminal leaflet, 5-9 x 2.5-4 cm; petiolules ca 0.5 cm long. Inflorescences umbelled cymes, ca 3 cm long; peduncles to 1 cm long, pubescent. Flowers pubescent, pale green; pedicels 2-3 mm long. Calyx 4-lobed. Petals oblong, ca 2 x 1 mm. Disk thick, covering lower half of ovary. Ovary urceolate; style distinct. Berries globose, ca 1 cm; seeds oblong-obovoid, ca 8 x 4.5 mm, deeply crenate on sides; adaxial surface with a linear furrow; abaxial surface with an oblong chalazal knot.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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