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  Tetrastigma leucostaphylum
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Tetrastigma leucostaphylum (Dennst.) Alston ex Mabb., Taxon 26: 539. 1977; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 69. 1982; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 60. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 106. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 136. 1990; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 76. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 154. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 75. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 72. 1999; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 314. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 136. 2005; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 761. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 181. 2009. Cissus leucostaphyla Dennst. Schluss. Hort. Malab. 17,19,33. 1818. Tetrastigma muricatum (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 229(164). 1918. Tetrastigma lanceolarium (Roxb.) Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 423. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 228(164). 1918; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 121. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 126. 1990. Vitis muricata Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 128. 1834. Vitis lanceolaria sensu Lawson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 660. 1875,p.p., non Wall. 1831-32.
  Malayalam Name(s): Seenkaikkodi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Woody scandent shrubs; stems strongly verrucose with elongated lenticels; tendril simple, woody with age. Leaves pedately 5-foliolate, trifoliolate or simple, sometimes all three types found on same plant; leaflets 4-13 x 2-6 cm, oblong-lanceolate, apex acute, base cuneate, margin coarsely serrate, especially distally, coriaceous, the laterals unequal sided; petiole to 8 cm long, warty-lenticellate, base swollen; petioules 5-14 mm long. Flowers c. 4 mm across, in short axillary cymes. Calyx lobes 4, 1 mm long, more or less ciliolate. Petals 4, white, 1-1.5 mm long, ovate, acute, apically thickened. Disk lobed. Stamens 4. Ovary subglobose; stigma lobed. Berry 1.3 cm across, subglobose, creamy white; seeds 2-4, oblong, transversely rugose.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-August
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Kozhikkode
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Olikkudy, Kottamala, Vattavada, Damsite, Kakki hills, on way to Panoth, Lock-hert gap, Silent Valley R. F., Kadakarapally, Vaniampuzha
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