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  Tephrosia villosa
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pres., Syn. 2: 329. 1807; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 113. 1876; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 136. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 206. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 174. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 260. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 160. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 155. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 117. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 106. 1999; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 242. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 311. 2009. Cracca villosa L., Sp. Pl. 752. 1753. Tephrosia hirta (Buch.-Ham.) Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 318(225). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 87. 1982; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 138. 1989. Tephrosia incana Graham ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 212. 1834. Tephrosia argentea Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 329. 1807. Galega hirta Buch.-Ham., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 546. 1822.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Much branched annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs; branchlets densely pubescent with white appressed-hairs. Leaves imparipinnate, to 6 cm long; leaflets 9-15, 1-2 x 0.5-1 cm, obovate or oblanceolate, base acute to cuneate, apex obtuse or retuse, glabrous above and sericeous below; stipules 3-6 mm long, subulate. Inflorescence pseudoracemose, terminal or leaf-opposed, to 7 cm long. Flowers 8-10 mm long, subsessile; bracts linear-deltoid. Calyx c. 5 mm long; lobes filiform, ciliate. Petals pink or white; standard 8-10 mm long, orbicular; wings to 1 cm long, oblong-obovate; keels c. 8 mm long, beaked. Pods 2.5-3.5 x 0.4-0.5 cm, oblong-falcate, densely villous, 5-8-seeded. Seeds c. 3 x 2 mm, reniform, dark brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Idukki, Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Degraded forest areas, also in the plains
  Distribution: South Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vazhani, Alampetty, Thekkady, Bekal, Nileswar, Pappinisseri, Walayar, Nangiarkulangara
   
 
   
 
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