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  Tephrosia tinctoria
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Tephrosia tinctoria Pers., Syn. 2: 329. 1807; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 111. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 319(225). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 86. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 157. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 88. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 156. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 139. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 206. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 174. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 259. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 159. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 91. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 155. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 103. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 52. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 226. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 116. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 222. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 191. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 311. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect shrubs; stems densely retrorse-hairy. Leaflets to 4.5 x 1.3 cm, oblong, obtuse, mucronate, acute at base, glabrous above; densely white-tomentose below. Racemes axillary; peduncle 10 cm long; bracts 6 mm long, lanceolate. Flowers red. Calyx 6 mm long, lobes lanceolate. Standard petal glabrous, narrowed to the base; wings to 17 x 5 mm; keel 14 x 6 mm, obovate, glabrous; Pods 7 x 0.5 cm, oblong, slightly curved, minutely hirsute; seeds many.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): Kottayam, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-700
  Localities: Peechi, Ponmudi, Wadakkanchery, Kattalappara, Uppupara, Ezhimala, Campshed area, Chittar, Chandanathode, Dhoni R. F., Varkala, Nadayara, Ampumala, Ariankavu, Bonaccord, Meenmutty
   
 
   
 
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