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  Tephrosia maxima
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Tephrosia maxima (L.) Pers., Syn. 2: 329. 1807; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 319(225). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 87. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 204. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 257. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 159. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 105. 1999; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 241. 2009. Galega maxima L., Syst. (ed.10): 1172. 1759. Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. var. maxima (L.) Baker in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 113. 1876.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect or ascending perennial undershrubs to 120 cm long; stem often purplish, pubescent. Leaves imparipinnate, 4-13 cm long; leaflet 9-17, 1-2.4 x 0.5-1 cm, oblanceolate or obovate-oblong, base acute to cuneate, apex obtuse or truncate, apiculate, glabrous above, appressed-pubescent beneath, thin-coriaceous; stipules 4-7 x 2-4 mm, lanceolate, acuminate. Inflorescence racemose, axillary or pseudoterminal, to 14 cm long, few-flowered. Flowers 1.4-1.7 cm long; pedicels 2-3 mm long; bracts 4-5 x 1-1.5 mm, ovate to lanceolate, acuminate. Calyx-tube 2-3 mm long, campanulate, pubescent; lobes unequal, 3-6 mm long, lanceolate, appressed-pubescent. Corolla rose to pinkish white; standard 1.5-1.7 x 1-1.3 cm, obovate; wings 1-1.2 x 0.4-0.6 cm, obovate; keels 1.3-1.5 x 0.4-0.6 cm, oblong, falcate. Staminal sheath 1-1.4 cm long. Ovary 1-1.2 cm long, linear, compressed, hirsute; style 5-6 mm long, hirsute. Pods 4-6.5 x 0.4-0.6 cm, linear, slightly curved upward toward the apex. Seeds 3-4 mm long, orbicular, dark-brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-September
  District(s): Alappuzha, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Rocky areas, waste places and sea coasts
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and East Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chengamperu, Veli, Aroor, Valavanadu
   
 
   
 
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