Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Tabernaemontana divaricata
 
  Family: APOCYNACEAE
  Citation:  Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R. Br. in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 4: 427. 1819; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 166. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 42. 1990; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 425(a); M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 294. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 216. 1995; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 315. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 526. 2009. Nerium divaricatum L., Sp. Pl. 209. 1753. Tabernaemontana coronaria (Jacq.) Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 275. 1809; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 436. 2009. Nerium coronarium Jacq., Coll. Bot. 1: 138. 1786. Ervatamia coronaria (Jacq.) Stapf in Dyer, Fl. Trop. Africa 4: 127. 1902; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 813(571). 1923. Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Burkill, Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 10: 320. 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 255. 1984.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattampale, Nandiyar-vattom, Nandiya-vartham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): East India rosebay
  Description: Shrubs or small trees, bark pale grey-brown, rather deeply longitudinally fissured, lenticellate. Leaves opposite, pairs equal or unequal, elliptic or narrowly elliptic, 3-18 x 1-6 cm, acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base or decurrent into the petiole; lateral nerves 5-17 pairs, tertiary venation inconspicuous, more or less reticulate; petiole glabrous, 3-10 mm long. Inflorescence1-30 flowered, rather lax; peduncle glabrous, 0.5-8 cm long; pedicels glabrous, 3-20 mm long; bracts scale-like, about 1 mm long, more or less persistent. Flowers fragrant. Sepals pale green, 2-3.5 x1-2 mm, connate at the base, ovate, or sometimes narrowly ovate, rounded, obtuse or sometimes acute, often ciliate, glabrous outside, glabrous inside and with 1-4 colleters in 1 row. Corolla white, often with a yellow throat, lobes obliquely elliptic or obovate, more or less falcate, 15-27 x 8-20 mm, rounded, spreading. Stamens from below mouth of corolla tube, inserted 0.25-0.33 of the length of the corolla tube; filaments short, 0.5-1 mm long, filiform, glabrous; anthers narrowly oblong, apex obtuse or acute. Ovary ovoid, gradually narrowed into 4.5-8 mm long filiform style; ovules approximately 20 in each carpel. Fruit of 2 separate mericarps, orange, red or less often green, obliquely and narrowly ellipsoid, 20-70 x 6-15 x 6-15 mm, acuminate or apiculate at the apex, with 2 clear or faint lateral, slightly torulose when dried; seeds 2-10, aril deep orange or red.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Mostly cultivated as garden plant
  Distribution: Native of Southern Himalayas
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Rockwood, Portland
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online