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  Synadenium grantii
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Synadenium grantii Hook. f., Bot. Mag. t. 5633. 1867; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 281. 2007.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): African milk bush
  Description: Monoecious shrub; branchlets subfleshy, rounded, latex milky, copious. Leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate, to 18 x 8 cm, subfleshy, base cuneate, decurrent into petiole, apex obtuse; petiole to 1 cm. Cyathia in lax, subterminal or axillary cymose panicles; peduncles dichotomously branched, to 10 cm. Gland cushion-like, 0.8 cm wide; rim even, recurved. Involucre cupular; bracts 5, suborbicular, fimbriate. Staminate: florets 20-30, in 5 groups. Stamen 1; anther globose, dehiscence transverse. Pistillate: floret 1, laterally pendulous. Ovary 3-celled; ovule 1 per cell, pendulous; styles 3, bifid. Capsule 3-lobed, of 3, bivalved cocci; seeds oblong.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as live fence
  Distribution: Native of Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Purple
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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