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  Stylosanthes fruticosa
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Stylosanthes fruticosa (Retz.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon, 6. (Suppl.): 77. 1931; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 138. 1989; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 254. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 102. 1997; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 158. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 115. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 102. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 222. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 190. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 240. 2009. Arachis fruticosa Retz., Obs. Bot. 5: 26. 1788. Stylosanthes mucronata Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1166.1802; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:148.1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 326(230). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Procumbent herbs or undershrubs; root-stock woody. Stem, peduncles and pedicels loosely villous. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 8-20 x 2.5-5 mm, oblong-elliptic or linear-lanceolate, acute at base and apex, mucronate at tip, pubescent on both sides, ciliate on margins; nerves parallel and close; stipules 8-13 mm long, lanceolate, adnate to base of petiole, sheathing, villous without. Flowers yellow 3-5 in terminal heads; bracts and bracteoles 0.8-1.2 cm long, linear-lanceolate, densely hairy. Calyx lobes 2-4 mm long, densely brown hairy. Petals yellow, 4-6 mm long. Stamens monadelphous. Ovary 2-3 mm long, suborbicular, woolly; style filiform. Pods 5-8 mm long, monoiliform, 1or 2-articulate; articles pilose, reticulate, fully enclosed in calyx, beak curved. Seeds c. 2.5 mm long, reniform.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along lakeshores, riverbanks, roadsides and wasteplaces
  Distribution: Sri Lanka, India, Africa and Madagascar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Kallar, Koruthode, Manakkavala, Kuchimudi, Ponmudi, Plapally, Boneccord, Thiruvizha, Bonaccord, Karamanayar region
   
 
   
 
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