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  Strobilanthes pothigaiensis
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes pothigaiensis Gopalan & Chithra, Kew Bull. 63: 499. 2008.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, 1.5 m tall; branches short, nodes very close. Leaves clustered towards tip, opposite, 1-5.7 x 0.4- 2.5 cm, ovate- lanceolate, coriaceous, rugose above, base cuneate to attenuate, entire, margin slightly recurved, acuminate; midrib prominent above; lateral nerves up to 7 pairs, raised beneath, prominent on both surfaces, curved upwards; petioles 2-8 mm long, rounded beneath, flat or minutely sulcate above. Inflorescence spicate, terminal or axillary on leafless nodes; peduncles angular, pubescent or puberulent, sulcate; bracts elliptic- ovate, 6-8 x 2.5-3.5 mm, coriaceous, minutely ciliolate along margin, acute- acuminate; bracteoles 2, narrowly lanceolate, 6-8 x 1-2 mm, coriaceous, concave, minutely ciliolate along margin, subacute. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual. Calyx tube campanulate, 3-5 mm long; lobes 5 (-6), unequal, 2(-3) short, 3 long, linear-lanceolate, 2-6 mm long, obtuse at apex, scabrous, puberulous within. Corolla maroon, tubular or cylindric - ventricose above ca 1 cm long, white hirsute without, long white hairy (opposite to stamens) and remaining portion glabrescent-glabrous within; lobes broadly ovate, ca 3 x 3 mm, margin undulate, apex apiculate; nerves prominent from base to apex. Stamens 2, adnate in tubular portion and free in campanulate portion of corolla; filaments up to 12 mm long, flat, dilated on either side, long white dense ciliate from base to middle (2/3), glabrous towards apex (2-3 mm length); anthers ovoid, ca 3 x 3 mm, 2-locules, apiculate at apex, dorsifixed. Disc obconical or cupular, ca 1mm long, glabrous. Ovary superior, oblong-obovoid, ca 1.5 mm long, 2-loculed; ovules 2 in each locule; style filiform, ca 13 mm long, white hairy (glabrous at base in buds), dilated elliptically below stigma; stigma simple, linear, ca 2.5 mm long, bent, undulate on one side.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along exposed shola forests bordering grassy or rocky slopes
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1500-1700
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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