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  Strobilanthes perrottetianus
  Citation:  Strobilanthes perrottetianus Nees in DC., Prodr. 11: 179. 1847; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 439. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1039(728). 1924; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 161. 2006. Nilgirianthus perrottetianus (Nees) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect 2, 41: 174. 1944; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 306. 1989.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chonakurinji
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, ca 1 m high; stems subterete, faintly swollen at nodes, hairy. Leaves opposite, ca 8 x 4 cm, slightly unequal in pairs, elliptic-ovate, acute or cuneate at base, crenate at margin, short- acuminate at apex, thin to subcoriaceous, soft-villous glistening-hairy on both surfaces; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, parallel, impressed above, faintly raised beneath; petioles ca 2.5 cm long, hairy; opposite petiole bases forming a permanent line on stem. Inflorescence spikes, shortly strobilate or obovate, ca 4 cm long, softly rufous-hairy; outermost bracts leafy; bracts purple, sessile, ovate, ca 1.2 cm long, sheathing at base, acute, hirsute, accrescent and turning more elliptic and prominently serrate and veined in fruit; fruiting bracts ca 2 cm long; bracteoles linear, ca 8 mm long, densely hirsute. Calyx ca 1 cm long, 5-lobed almost to the base, hirsute; lobes ovate-lanceolate, acute, subcoriaceous with numerous red hairs. Corolla funnel- shaped, ca 2.5 cm long, villous at throat, blue or pale liliac to dark pink; cylinder base short, ca 4 mm long, gradually widening above, glabrous outside, hairy inside, 5-lobed; lobes orbicular, obtuse. Stamens 4, monadelphous with staminal sheath extending to almost half the funneled portion, truncate at apex, silky-hairy; longer filaments ca 5 mm long, hairy; short ones ca 2 mm long, hairy. Ovary glabrous; style ca 1.2 cm long, hairy at base. Capsules oblong-ellipsoid, ca 1.6 cm long , excluded, glabrous; seeds 2, ovoid-discoid with a median ridge, ca 5 mm across, minutely papillate, exareolate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-December
  District(s): Kottayam, Kozhikkode
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
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