Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Strobilanthes perrottetianus
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes perrottetianus Nees in DC., Prodr. 11: 179. 1847; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 439. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1039(728). 1924; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 161. 2006. Nilgirianthus perrottetianus (Nees) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect 2, 41: 174. 1944; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 306. 1989.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chonakurinji
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, ca 1 m high; stems subterete, faintly swollen at nodes, hairy. Leaves opposite, ca 8 x 4 cm, slightly unequal in pairs, elliptic-ovate, acute or cuneate at base, crenate at margin, short- acuminate at apex, thin to subcoriaceous, soft-villous glistening-hairy on both surfaces; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, parallel, impressed above, faintly raised beneath; petioles ca 2.5 cm long, hairy; opposite petiole bases forming a permanent line on stem. Inflorescence spikes, shortly strobilate or obovate, ca 4 cm long, softly rufous-hairy; outermost bracts leafy; bracts purple, sessile, ovate, ca 1.2 cm long, sheathing at base, acute, hirsute, accrescent and turning more elliptic and prominently serrate and veined in fruit; fruiting bracts ca 2 cm long; bracteoles linear, ca 8 mm long, densely hirsute. Calyx ca 1 cm long, 5-lobed almost to the base, hirsute; lobes ovate-lanceolate, acute, subcoriaceous with numerous red hairs. Corolla funnel- shaped, ca 2.5 cm long, villous at throat, blue or pale liliac to dark pink; cylinder base short, ca 4 mm long, gradually widening above, glabrous outside, hairy inside, 5-lobed; lobes orbicular, obtuse. Stamens 4, monadelphous with staminal sheath extending to almost half the funneled portion, truncate at apex, silky-hairy; longer filaments ca 5 mm long, hairy; short ones ca 2 mm long, hairy. Ovary glabrous; style ca 1.2 cm long, hairy at base. Capsules oblong-ellipsoid, ca 1.6 cm long , excluded, glabrous; seeds 2, ovoid-discoid with a median ridge, ca 5 mm across, minutely papillate, exareolate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-December
  District(s): Kottayam, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online