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  Strobilanthes papillosus
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes papillosus Anders., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 9: 468. 1867; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 445. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1039(728). 1924; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 159. 2006.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrub, ca 3 m high; stems more or less quandrangular, much scabrous, acutely so and very rough with short harsh hairs when young. Leaves opposite, ca 6 x 4 cm,ovate, cuneate or acute at base, serrate at margin, acute at apex, hispid with bulbous- based hairs on both surfaces; petioles 3-5 cm long, sulcate above. Inflorescence spikes, terminal and axillary, capitate, leafy, ca 5 cm long; peduncles ca 4 cm long, thickened above, acutely quandrangular, very scabrous; floral bracts ca 5 cm long, overlapping head; bracts leafy, lanceolate, very rigid, scabrous, papillose; bracteoles narrowly lanceolate, ca 2 cm long, membranous, ciliate. Calyx divided nearly to base; lobes linear-lanceolate, very acute, ca 2.5 cm, membranous, ciliate. Corolla tubular-ventricose, subsymmetric, glabrescent, blue; tube ca 2 mm long; ventricose portion ca 2.3 cm long; lobes obovate-orbicular or rounded, veined. Stamens 4; staminal sheath hairy at margin; filaments glabrous; two central ones shorter, included. Ovary thinly hairy at tip; style ca 2 cm long, hairy. Capsules ca 2.5 cm long, glabrous, minutely stalked; seeds 2, ovoid, ca 1.2 cm across, glabrous, exareolate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-November
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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