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  Strobilanthes neoasper
  Citation:  Strobilanthes neoasper Venu & Daniel in Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 154. 2006; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 631. 2009. Strobilanthes asper sensu Wight, Ic. t. 1518. 1850, non Decne. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 452. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1041(730). 1924; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 239. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 237. 2002. Nilgirianthus asper (Wight) Sant., Bot. Mem. Univ. Bombay 2: 42. 1951; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 355. 1990; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 344. 1988. Strobilanthes warreensis auct. non Bremek. 1944: M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 350. 1994.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, to 1 m high; stems quadrangular, sulcate on two faces, hirsute, glabrous when old. Leaves opposite, ca 12 x 7 cm, variable, mostly elliptic-ovate, cuneate and decurrent at base, crenate-crenulate at margin, acuminate at apex, membranous, hirsute, lineolate on both surfaces; lateral nerves 7-10 pairs; petioles ca 5 cm long. Inflorescence panicles with compact spikes; spikes ovate, 2.5-5 cm long in flower, 5-8 cm long in fruit; peduncles glandular-hairy; bracts elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, ca 1.3 cm long, decurrent at base, curled or flat at margin, obtuse or acute at apex, glandular-hairy; bracteoles linear, obtuse or acute, ca 1 cm long, ciliate, glandular-hairy. Calyx ca 1 cm long, lobed almost to base; tube ca 1 mm long; lobes 5, linear-lanceolate, equal, densely glandular-hairy in upper half, thinly so or glabrous in the lower. Corolla tubular-ventricose, ca 1.5 cm long, pale lilac; cylinder base shorter, ca 3 mm long; limb campanulate, ventricose, ca 1.2 cm long, hairy, 5-lobed; lobes triangular, obtuse. Stamens 4, included, didynamous; staminal sheath extending to 1/3 of campanulate portion, emarginate; both staminal sheath and filaments hairy; longer filaments arising from base of ventricose portion, ca 4 mm long; short filaments arising from top of sheath, ca 2 mm long; anthers dorsifixed, ca 1 mm long, white. Ovary on a prominent disc, ca 1.5 mm long, glandular-hairy above; style slender, ca 9 mm long, hairy. Capsules elliptic, ca 1 cm long, acute at apex; seeds 4, orbicular-obovate, ca 3 mm across, complanate, elastically hairy when wet, areole round, prominent, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kannur, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Thrissur, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1500-2600
  Localities: Pandimotta, Pooppara, on way to Brahmagiri, Teerthundamala, Karasurymala
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