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  Strobilanthes microstachya
  Citation:  Strobilanthes microstachya Benth. ex Hohen., Flora 33: 557. 1849; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 149. 2006. Ruellia punctata Nees in DC., Prodr. 11: 147. 1847. Strobilanthes anceps Nees var. microstachya (Benth. ex Hohen.) Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 442. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1038. 1924. Nilgirianthus punctatus (Nees) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect 2, 41: 174. 1944, non Strobilanthes punctatus Nees 1847; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 307. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 209. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 29.1996; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 385. 2005. Strobilanthes anceps auct. non Nees 1847: Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 520. 1997.
  Malayalam Name(s):
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  English name(s):
  Description: Slender subshrubs, to 60 cm high, soft-glandular-hairy; stems quadrangular with acute angles, hirsute. Leaves opposite, unequal, ca 8 x 4 cm, ovate-elliptic to lanceolate, acute, attenuate or cuneate at base, subentire or minutely repand or wavy at margin, acute or acuminate at apex, lineolate above, more hairy and less glandular beneath; petioles ca 4 cm long, hairy. Inflorescence dense spikes; peduncles flattened, variable in length, 2-4 cm long, white-hairy or fulvous-glandular-hairy; bracts leafy, ovate-elliptic, acute, ca 2 x 0.5 cm, rosulate, faintly reflexed, lineolate, glandular-hairy; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, ca 5 mm long, ciliate at margin, red-punctate, hairy above. Calyx usually deeply 5-lobed; lobes subequal, lanceolate, acute, ca 5 mm long, ciliate at margin. Corolla infundibuliform, white; tube insignificant, ca 3 mm long; upper part ventricose, ca 1.1 cm, pubescent outside and with a tuft of white hairs above anthers inside, 5-lobed; lobes equal, ca 3 x 5 mm. Stamens 4, all fertile; filaments united into a sheath adhering to corolla tube, nearly glabrous; longer filaments ca 4 mm long; short ones ca 2 mm long; anthers oblong, muticose. Ovary ca 3 mm long, on a disk of ca 0.5 mm long, 2-loculed with 2 ovules in each; style linear, ca 1 cm long, glabrous. Capsules oblong-ellipsoid, ca 1.5 cm long, thin-walled, glandular-hairy; seeds 4 on retinaculae, complanate, slightly shallow on one side, ca 5 x 4 mm, glabrous, encircled by a membrane, ex-areolate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-April
  District(s): Idukki, Malappuram, Palakkad
  Habitat: Undergrowth in hill forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1600
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