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  Strobilanthes luridus
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes luridus Wight, Ic. t. 1515, 1516. 1850; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 450. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1042(730). 1924; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 523. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 240. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 34. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 306. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 238. 2002; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 140. 2006. Didyplosandra lurida (Wight) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect. 2, 41: 178. 1944; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 203. 1988; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 112. 2000.
  Malayalam Name(s): Muttakannikurinji
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large straggling branched shrubs; stem thick, virgate, swollen at nodes, glabrous. Leaves opposite, ca 20 x10 cm, ovate-elliptic, obtuse towards base, crenulate at margin, acuminate at apex, coriaceous, pilose, densely so beneath; petioles to 5 cm long, faintly hairy. Inflorescences spikes, from older stems, often from near ground, opposite, ascending, uninterrupted, compact, ca 8 x 4.5 cm, hispid; peduncles ca 4 cm long, usually with one or 2 joints; bracts orbicular, large, ca 2.5 x 2 cm, entire or wavy at margin, acute, emarginated or retuse at tip, ribbed, glabrous or glandular-pubescent, purple with black tinge; bracteoles 2, ligulate, ca 1.8 cm, acute, white. Calyx ca 2 cm long, 5-lobed, near to the base; lobes lanceolate, slightly enlarged in fruit with a row of bristles on abaxial face, finely ridged, ca 2.2 cm long. Corolla somewhat bilabiate, ca 3 cm long, exceeding large dull bracts, tubular-ventricose, purple, attractive; tube ca 2 mm long; ventricose portion widening above gradually, glabrous outside, hairy inside, 5-lobed; lobes ovate, obtuse, ca 3 mm long. Stamens 4, equal, united in pairs at base forming a staminal sheath, exserted; filaments ca 1.5 cm long; filaments and sheath glabrous. Ovary on a prominent disc, ca 2.5 mm; style slender, ca 2.5 cm long; stigma bilobed. Capsules ovoid-ellipsoid, ca 2 cm long, acuminate, glabrous, included in bracts; seeds 4, rounded, lenticular, ca 7 mm, smooth, glabrous on both faces, exareolate.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Idukki, Malappuram, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1500
  Localities: Pandimotta, Uppermanalar, Karimala, Vattavada, Karuvarakundu, Olichuchattam
   
 
   
 
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