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  Strobilanthes ixiocephalus
  Citation:  Strobilanthes ixiocephalus Benth., Flora 33: 557. 1849; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 444. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1041 (730). 1924; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 123. 2006. Strobilanthes neesiana Wight, Ic. t. 1523. 1850. Thelepaepale ixiocephala (Benth.) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect. 2, 41: 188. 1944.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Semierect shrubs, ca 1 m high; stems subtetragonal, sulcate, hairy, glabrous when old. Leaves simple, opposite, unequal, to 12 x 5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate at apex, attenuate or cuneate at base, crenate at margin, chartaceous, hispid above and on secondary veins beneath, densely lineolate on both surfaces; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, parallel, slender, prominent, joining along margin; petioles ca 4 cm long, hairy. Inflorescence short spikes, ovoid, solitary, axillary or in axillary or terminally clustered, branched cymes, viscid; bracts ovate, acute or acuminate, ca 1.2 cm long, penninerved, glandular-hairy; bracteoles linear-obovate, ca 7 mm long, glandular-hairy. Calyx divided to the base, ca 1 cm long; lobes linear, equal, obtuse, glandular-hairy, enlarged in fruit. Corolla tubular-ventricose, ca 2 cm long, pubescent outside, hairy inside, pale blue or white; tubular portion short, ca 3 mm long; lobes obovate-oblong, apiculate at tip, ca 6 mm long. Stamens 4, monadelphous, included; staminal sheath truncate, hairy; longer filaments ca 5 mm long; short filaments ca 2 mm long. Ovary on a prominent disc, glabrous; style glabrous, ca 1.5 cm long; stigma slightly bulged above. Capsules obovoid, ca 1.2 cm long, narrowed at base, compressed, mucronate, included, glabrous; seeds 2, ovoid, flattened, 3.5 mm across, hygroscopically hairy and very densely along margin.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Kannur
  Habitat: From planis to hill and in shady situations
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
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