Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Strobilanthes ixiocephalus
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes ixiocephalus Benth., Flora 33: 557. 1849; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 444. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1041 (730). 1924; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 123. 2006. Strobilanthes neesiana Wight, Ic. t. 1523. 1850. Thelepaepale ixiocephala (Benth.) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect. 2, 41: 188. 1944.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Semierect shrubs, ca 1 m high; stems subtetragonal, sulcate, hairy, glabrous when old. Leaves simple, opposite, unequal, to 12 x 5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate at apex, attenuate or cuneate at base, crenate at margin, chartaceous, hispid above and on secondary veins beneath, densely lineolate on both surfaces; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, parallel, slender, prominent, joining along margin; petioles ca 4 cm long, hairy. Inflorescence short spikes, ovoid, solitary, axillary or in axillary or terminally clustered, branched cymes, viscid; bracts ovate, acute or acuminate, ca 1.2 cm long, penninerved, glandular-hairy; bracteoles linear-obovate, ca 7 mm long, glandular-hairy. Calyx divided to the base, ca 1 cm long; lobes linear, equal, obtuse, glandular-hairy, enlarged in fruit. Corolla tubular-ventricose, ca 2 cm long, pubescent outside, hairy inside, pale blue or white; tubular portion short, ca 3 mm long; lobes obovate-oblong, apiculate at tip, ca 6 mm long. Stamens 4, monadelphous, included; staminal sheath truncate, hairy; longer filaments ca 5 mm long; short filaments ca 2 mm long. Ovary on a prominent disc, glabrous; style glabrous, ca 1.5 cm long; stigma slightly bulged above. Capsules obovoid, ca 1.2 cm long, narrowed at base, compressed, mucronate, included, glabrous; seeds 2, ovoid, flattened, 3.5 mm across, hygroscopically hairy and very densely along margin.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: From planis to hill and in shady situations
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online