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  Strobilanthes integrifolius
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes integrifolius (Dalz.) O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 499. 1891; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 458. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1043(731). 1924; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 117. 2006. Mackenziea integrifolia (Dalz.) Bremek., Mat. Monogr. Strob. 182. 1944; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 285. 1985; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 265. 1995. Endopogon integrifolius Dalz., Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew. Gard. Misc. 2: 342. 1850. Strobilanthes perfoliatus Anders., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 9: 471. 1867.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thottukurinji
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Much branched shrubs, to 2 m high; stems terete, glabrous. Leaves opposite, ca 20 x 5 cm, equal, elliptic-lanceolate, attenuate or tapering at base and decurrent into the petiole, sparingly toothed or entire at margin, acuminate at apex, lineolate, glabrous and dark green above, pale steel grey beneath; petioles winged, auriculate; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs. Inflorescence simple or compound spikes, interrupted, to 10 cm long, strong-smelling; peduncles tetragonal, multicellular-glandular-hairy; bracts ovate-lanceolate, subacute at apex, ca 1.5 cm long, glandular-hairy; bracteole oblanceolate, ca 7 mm long, glandular-hairy. Calyx divided about base, ca 8 mm long; tube very small, ca 2 mm long, glabrous; lobes unequal, one longer; other 4 in 2 pairs, equal, obtuse or acute at apex, glandular-hairy. Corolla funnel shaped, ca 4 cm long, glabrous outside, sparsely hairy inside, blue to light violet; tube shorter, less than 1 cm long; lobes ovate, obtuse. Stamens 4, in unrqual heights, included; staminal sheath truncate, extending to 1/3 of ventricose portion, glabrous; longer filaments arising slightly below staminal sheath, ca 1 cm long, hairy from base; short ones ca 3 mm long, arising from top of staminal sheath, glabrous. Ovary on a prominent disc, glandular-hairy above; style ca 1 cm long, enclosed in a sinus, glabrous, stigmatic portion slightly bulged. Capsules obovoid, ca 8 mm long , acute at apex ,glabrous; seeds 2, ovoid, ca 4 mm across, slightly bulged, elastically hairy when wet; areole at base small, semicircular, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Kannur, Kasaragode, Kollam, Thrissur, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Cheruvathur, Taliparamba, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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