Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Strobilanthes heyneanus
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes heyneanus Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 85. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 443. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1041(730). 1924; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 306. 1989; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 348. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 522. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 239. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 305. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 237. 2002; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 109. 2006; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 630. 2009. Nilgirianthus heyneanus (Nees) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect. 2, 41: 173. 1944; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 307. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 286. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 357. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 350. 1994; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 116. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 385. 2005. Nilgirianthus heyneanus (Nees) Bremek. var. neesii Bremek., Mat. Monogr. Strob. 173. 1944; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 345. 1988; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 266. 1995. Strobilanthes asperrimus Nees in DC., Prodr. 11: 183. 1847; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 443; 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1041(730). 1924; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 239. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 303. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 237. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 628. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, branches hirsute. Leaves simple, opposite, 6-10 x 4-7 cm, broadly elliptic, apex bluntly acuminate, base attenuate, crenate, covered with bulbous based hairs; lateral nerves 8-9 pairs; petiole 3-4.5 cm long. Spikes 3-4 together, 2 x 1.5 cm, axillary, on trichotomous peduncles, ovoid; involucral bracts 8 x 6 mm, broadly ovate, obtuse; floral bracts 13 x 10 mm, ovate, concave, obtuse, glabrous; bracteoles absent; flowers few to many. Calyx divided nearly to the base, lobes 6 x 2.5 mm, oblong, emarginated. Corolla pale blue, 25 mm long; tube stout, with a patch of hairs inside above the stamens. Staminal filaments and sheath hairy. Ovary glabrous; syle bulged below the stigma, hairy. Capsule 9 x 4 mm, glabrous; seeds 4, ovoid flattened, 3 mm long.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kozhikkode, Kottayam, Kannur, Kollam, Idukki, Kasaragode, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Margins of shola forests and grassslands
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1800
  Localities: Peechi, Pooppara, Kattalappara, Rosemala, Ennakkapally, Koruthode, Karimala, Begur, Tirunalli, Panathur, Moozhiar, Arampa, Kannoth, Payyavur, Ponmudi, Pooyamkutty, Nellikuth, Nadugani ghats, Olichuchattam
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online