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  Strobilanthes ciliatus
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Strobilanthes ciliatus Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 85. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 439. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1039(728). 1924; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 306. 1989; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 348. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 521. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 304. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 237. 2002; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 82. 2006; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 553. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 629. 2009. Nilgirianthus ciliatus (Nees) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect 2, 41: 172. 1944; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 306. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 285. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 345. 1988; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 257. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 385. 2005. Strobilanthes warreensis Dalz., Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew. Gard. Misc. 2: 341. 1850; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 439. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1039(728). 1924; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 524. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 308. 1998; Venu in Daniel & Sanjappa (eds.), Fl. India ser. 4, Strobilanthes 193. 2006. Nilgirianthus warreensis (Dalz.) Bremek., Verh. Acad. Wet. afd. Natuurk. Sect. 2, 41: 173. 1944; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 286. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 209. 1988; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 117. 2000.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cherukurunji, Chinnikurunji, Karimkurinji, Kurunji, Vellakurunji
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, branches terete, glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, 10-15 x 3-5 cm, acuminate at both ends, glabrous, nerves 5 pairs, raised above, scabrid; petiole 2 cm long. Spikes 1.5 cm long, axillary, solitary, peduncled; bracts 6 x 4 mm, obovate; bracteoles 5 x 1 mm, linear-oblong; flowers 5-15. Calyx 5 mm long, lobes oblong, connate below the middle. Corolla 15 mm long, white with violet or blue patches on lower lobes. Staminal sheath hairy.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 100-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Chimmini, Mlappara, Karimala, Mannarappara, Panathur, Payyavur, Kannoth, Pooyamkutty, Kanjirakadavu, Vaniampuzha
   
 
   
 
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