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  Stictocardia sivarajanii
  Citation:  Stictocardia sivarajanii Biju, Pushpangadan & Mathew, Novon 9: 147. 1999.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennials, stem woody at base, trailing or twinning, terete, herbaceous towards tip, pubescent; latex colorless, gummy. Leaves simple, alternate, 4-20 x 3-17 cm, ovate to ovate-deltoid, apically acuminate and shortly mucronulate, basally cordate, sparsely pubescent above, young leaf with dorsal side purplish violet, pubescent or tomentose below, covered with minute black glands; midrib and lateral veins raised beneath; lateral veins 8-13 pairs; petiole up to 10 cm long, pubescent, younger ones tomentose. Flowers axillary, solitary or in 2-3 flowered cymes; peduncle up to 15 cm long, terete to angular, pubescent, mostly longer than petiole; bracts 2, ovate-elliptic, small, 5-8 x 2-3 mm, apically acute to slightly acuminate, pubescent outside, glabrous within; pedicels up to 2-4 cm long, pubescent, angled and enlarged in fruits. Sepals 5, subequal, outer 2 larger, 1-1.2 x 0.7-0.9 cm, widely ovate to orbicular, apically obtuse to emarginate, densely black glandular on both sides, sparsely pubescent, middle 2 medium-sized, 0.8-1 x 0.5-0.6 cm, broadly ovate-elliptic, apically emarginate and shortly apiculate, glandular dotted, glabrous to puberulent outside, innermost one small, 0.6-0.8 x 0.3-0.4 cm, suborbicular, apically emarginate and shortly apiculate, glandular dotted, glabrous. Corolla reddish purple with a darker center, funnel shaped, tube up to 3.5 cm long, limb slightly 5-lobed, 5-7 cm across, mid petaline bands glabrous and with minute black glands. Stamens inserted; anthers up to 7 mm long, straight after dehiscence; filaments attached up to 5 mm above the corolla base, 2 long, up to 2.5 cm, 3 short, up to 2.1 cm long, filiform, purplish red ciliolate at dilated base; disc small, ± 1 mm long, annular, slightly lobed. Ovary conical, 1.2 x 2 mm, glabrous, 4-celled; style subexserted, up to 3.5-3.7 cm long, glabrous, filiform, stigma biglobose, papillose. Fruits capsular, indehiscent, depressed globose, not 4-lobed, 1-1.8 x 0.8-1.2 cm, glabrous, not engulfed by the enlarged sepals, which are striate cartilaginous, 1.3-1.6 x 1.4-2 cm; seeds 1-4, globose, 6-8 x 6-7 mm, covered with minute hairs, sparsely pubescent at hilum.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-February
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Purple
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kallar near Munnar
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