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  Stephania japonica var. japonica
 
  Family: MENISPERMACEAE
  Citation:  Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. ser.3, 18: 14. 1866, var. japonica; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 29(21). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 67. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 6. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 43. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 61. 1989; Gangop. in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 335. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 52. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 32. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 37. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 49. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 60. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 13. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 15. 1999; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 18. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 9. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 67. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 52. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 190. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 106. 2009. Menispermum japonicum Thunb., Fl. Japan 193. 1784. Cissampelos hernandifolia Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 861. 1806. Stephania hernandifolia (Willd.) Walp., Rep. 1: 96. 1842; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 103. 1872. Cyclea hernandifolia (Willd.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 14. 1834.
  Malayalam Name(s): Patakilammu, Patavalli, Paasichedi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbers. Leaves simple, alternate, peltate, 7-10 x 4-8 cm, ovate or suborbicular, acute or obtuse at apex,base cordate, puberulous beneath, margins entire; petioles 2.5-4.5 cm long. Male flowers in axillary 6-8 cm long umbels, sessile or subsessile, greenish or white; sepals 8 in 2 whorls of 4 each, free, oblanceolate, ca. 1.5 mm long, glabrous or puberulous outside; petals 3-5, suborbicular, ca 0.8mm long, greenish; stamens 6-8, connate into a peltate synandrium; anthers dehiscing transversely. Female inflorescence similar to male ones; sepals 3-5, oblong or elliptic; petals 3-5, suborbicular; staminodes absent; carpel 1, ovoid; stigmas 3-lobed. Drupes globose or obovoid, ca 6 x 8 mm, with basal stylar scar, red; endocarp transversely ridged.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-September
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kozhikkode, Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Sholayar, Mlappara, Pathenthode, Kadalar, Orukomban, Pezha, Mangavada, Ichampetty, Walakkad, Lower Moozhiar, on way to Brahmagiri, Old Devicolam, Karuvarakundu, Muthappanpuzha, Attayar, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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