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  Stenosiphonium cordifolium
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Stenosiphonium cordifolium (Vahl) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.): 226. 1931. Ruellia cordifolia Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 84. 1794. Stenosiphonium russellianum Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 84. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 427. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1021(717). 1924; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 519. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrub; branchlets viscid. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, to 12 x 6 cm, base attenuate, margin crenate, apex acute (much smaller on flowering shoots above); petiole to 6 cm. Spikes terminal, interrupted, to 10 cm, flower clusters to 1 cm apart below, closer above; bracts oblong-ovate, 3-ribbed, to 6 x 3 mm; bracteoles lanceolate, to 5 x 2 mm. Calyx-lobes 5, subequal, parted above the middle of the tube, to 8 mm. Corolla blue, narrowly tubular below, ventricose above, obscurely 2-lipped, 1.5 cm wide; lobes 2+3, subequal. Stamens 2+2, didynamous, attached above the middle of the tube, exserted. Ovules 8; style slender; stigma curved; seeds 8, with silky hairs around.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-February
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
  Localities: Attayar
   
 
   
 
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