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  Stachytarpheta urticifolia
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Stachytarpheta urticifolia (Salisb.) Sims, Bot. Mag. t. 1848. 1816. "urticaefolia"; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 316. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 298. 1985; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 361. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 278. 1995; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 525. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 315. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 394. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 566. 2009. Cymburus urticaefolius Salisb., Parad. London 53. 1805-1807.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kadapananthu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Nettle-leaved vervain
  Description: Young shoot, petioles and leaves towards the base pubescent. Leaves 4-8 x 2-5 cm, elliptic-ovate, acute at apex, serrate on margins, glabrous on both sides. Spikes terminal, cylindric, c. 0.3 cm diam., 20-40 cm long. Bracts 0.5-0.7 cm long, linear lanceolate, ciliate on margins. Calyx tubular, narrow, c. 0.5 cm long; lobes 5, minute. Corolla tube c. 0.5 cm long, slightly curved, 5-lobed; lobes blue. Stamens 2, included; staminodes 2. Ovary 2-celled, 0.2-0.3 cm long, elongate; style slender, 0.6-0.7 cm long; stigma capitate. Capsule 0.4-0.5 cm long, cylindric; calyx tube persistent. Capsule spiltting into two 1-seeded pyrenes.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): Alappuzha, Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Wastelands
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Violet
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Adoor, Payyavur, Santhanpara, Pathiyoor, Kulathupuzha, Athirumala, Pongalapara, Kappukadu
   
 
   
 
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