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  Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. 1: 206. 1804; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 316. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 297. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 357. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 369. 1990; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 319. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 360. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 354. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 243. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 537. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 312. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 244. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 243. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 307. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 394. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 566. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 643. 2009. Verbena jamaicensis L., Sp. Pl. 19. 1753. Stachytarpheta indica (L.) Vahl var. jamaicensis (L.) Moon, Cat. Pl. Ceylon 68. 1885 & Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3: 348. 1895; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1090(763). 1924. Stachytarpheta indica sensu Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 564. 1885,p.p.; non (L.) Vahl 1804; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 227. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 620. 1990.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattupunnuthu, Narivalan, Seemakongini
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Jamaica vervain, Wild Verbena
  Description: Subshrubs; branches subtertragonous. Leaves 3.5-7 x 2-4 cm, obovate, base cuneate and decurrent on petiole, margin coarsely crenate-serrate, apex obtuse or rounded; petiole to 2 cm long. Spikes terminal, 10-25 cm long, c. 4 mm across. Bracts c. 7 mm long. Calyx c. 6 mm long, 4-toothed, puberulous. Corolla hypocrateriform, bluish-pink; tube 8-10 mm long, slightly curved; limb c. 8 mm across. Style included. Fruit c. 5 mm long, oblong.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Violet
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Thenmala, Chinnar, Koruthode, Parambikulam, Tiruvalla, Thannithode, Kannoth, Sreekantapuram, Manantody, Cheriyanad, Pooyamkutty, Vadapuram
   
 
   
 
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