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  Stachytarpheta cayennensis
 
  Family: VERBENACEAE
  Citation:  Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Schauer in DC., Prodr. 11: 562. 1847; N.C. Nair et al., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79:230. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 316. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 318. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 619. 1990; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 303. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 394. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 566. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 643. 2009. Stachytarpheta dichotoma auct. non (Rich.) Vahl 1804: Pradeep & Sivar., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 14: 619. 1990.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small shrub, 1-2.5 m tall, with subcylindrical, glabrous branches. Leaves opposite-decussate, ovate to elliptic, 3-6 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm broad, serrate, cuneate, scabrous, shortly petiolate; petiole 1-1.5 cm long. Spikes elongated, up to 25 cm long, slender, glabrescent or sparsely pubescent. Flowers blue with whitish centre, c. 5 mm across, bracteate with linear-lanceolate acuminate bracts. Calyx-tube 4-5 mm long, 4-toothed, glabrous. Corolla-tube as long or slightly exceeding the calyx; limb 4-5-lobed, with lobes 1.5-2 mm long. Fruit with persistent style, splitting into two, 1-seeded pyrenes.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Waste places
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America; now introduced into tropics and subtropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ranni, Pampa, Mandhampatti-Mukkali, Walayar, Pookottu lake, Nedumudy, Edathwa
   
 
   
 
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