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  Sophora velutina
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Sophora velutina Lindl., Bot. Reg. 14. t.1185. 1828; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 250. 1992; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 154. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 115. 1998. Sophora glauca Lesch. ex DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 4: 98. 1825 & Prodr. 2: 95. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 249. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 389(274). 1918, non Salisb. Edwardsia maderaspatana Wight, Ic. t. 1054. 1846.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, ca. 2 m high; young branches, rachis and leaves densely velutinous. Leaves 15-20 cm; leaflets 13-41, opposite or nearly opposite, 1-4 × 0.5-2 cm, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, oblong, or ovate-oblong, papery, hairy on both surfaces, glabrous, or glabrous adaxially, midvein raised, base rounded or obtuse, apex acuminate or acute with mucro; stipules linear, 6-7 mm, villous; Racemes opposite with leaf or pseudo-opposite, 15-20(-30) cm. Flowers many, widely spaced; bracts similar to stipule, 6-8 mm, hairy; pedicel short, 2-3 mm. Calyx campanulate, ca. 13 mm; teeth 5, unequal, dark brown hairy. Standard petal reflexed, obovate-lanceolate or obovate-oblong, ca. 16 × 3-5 mm, apex retuse, narrowing to base; wings oblong, less than 15 mm, base auriculate; keel falcate, slightly shorter than wings. Stamens 10, free or slightly fused at base. Ovary terete, densely yellow pubescent, stalked; ovules 4-6; style straight, glabrous; stigma capitate, very small. Fruit moniliform, slightly compressed, 6-10 × 0.7-1 cm, hairy or nearly glabrous; seeds 2-4, yellow or yellow-brown, oblong-reniform, ends acute to rounded.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-February
  District(s): Idukki, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India, Nepal and West China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Pachakkanam
   
 
   
 
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