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  Solanum aculeatissimum
 
  Family: SOLANACEAE
  Citation:  Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq., Coll. 1: 100. 1790; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 939(659). 1923; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 277. 1984.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kandakarichunda, Kandankathiri
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cockroach berry, Devils Apple, Indian Love Apple, Soda Apple
  Description: Shrubs, to 75 cm high much branched, stellate hairy; princkles flattened, sharp, 5-12 mm long. Leaves alternate, 2.5 - 22 x 1.8 - 13.5 cm, sinuate or lobed, ovate, acute apex, cordate at base, adaxial surface pubescent and abaxial surface stellate; lateral veins 6-8 paris, long sharp thorns on the veins; petiole 0.5 cm long. Flowers in 4-8 flowered cymes; pedicels to 6 mm long. Calyx green, 5 lobed, lobes 3-4 x 1-2 mm, lanceolate or ovate, acute apex, base attenuate, ciliate along the margin, prickly, densely pubescent. Corolla yellowish-white with green at the base, lobes 7 x 1-2 mm, lanceolate, acute or acuminate apex, margin ciliate, pubescent. Anthers basifixed, glabrous, 7-8 mm long; filament very small. Ovary glabrous, pubescent; style slender, glabrous. Fruit globose, ca 2 cm across, green with white stripe when young and become yellow when they ripe, glabrous; seeds ovate or disc shaped, smooth, entire, 3 mm across.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-February
  District(s): Kollam, Wayanad, Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Waste places
  Distribution: A Tropical American plant adventives to South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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