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  Smythea bombaiensis
 
  Family: RHAMNACEAE
  Citation:  Smythea bombaiensis (Dalz.) Banerjee & P.K. Mukh., Indian For. 96:214.1970; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 57. 1988; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 70. 1995; Bhandari & Bhansali in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 210. 2000; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 130. 2005. Ventilago bombaiensis Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 36. 1851; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 631. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 217(157). 1918; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 99. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 120. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 25,32. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 110. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 69. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 71. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 67. 2002; P.V. Sreekumar & A.N. Henry in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 729. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 227. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vembadavalli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Woody climbers, stem ribbed, branchlets looping. Leaves simple, alternate, 6-9 x 3-4 cm, elliptic-oblong, acute at both ends, crenulate; nerves 6 pairs, nerve-axils hairy, nervules parallel. Flowers 4 mm across, 20-30 together, in axillary clusters; pedicels to 5 mm long. Sepals 5, triangular. Petals 5, obovate, emarginate to 2-lobed, glabrous. Stamens 5, disk cup-shaped. Ovary 2-celled, densely hairy. Fruit 1-seeded, winged, wing to 6 x 1.5 cm, flattened.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Kattalappara, Pachakkanam, Puthussery, Vallakkadavu, Kothala, Pezha, way to Gudalloor, Kummattanthode, Moozhiar, Ambayathode, Ayyappankovil-Kaikatty area, Mukkali forests, Singampara-Siruvani forests, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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