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  Smilax perfoliata
 
  Family: SMILACACEAE
  Citation:  Smilax perfoliata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 622. 1790; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 478. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 511. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 458. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 316. 1999. Smilax prolifera Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 795. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 312. 1892; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1519(1061). 1928.
  Malayalam Name(s): Paichooral
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Stout climbing shrubs. Leaves to 20 x 12 cm, broadly oblong, ovate, apex obtuse, basally 5-7 nerved, thickly coriaceous, cuspidate; petiole to 4 cm, stout, angled, sheathing to the middle, tendrils coiled. Umbels on axillary cymes, to 12 cm; bracts ovate, 1 cm; outer perianth, 6 x 2 mm, broadly oblong, inner ones 6 x 1 mm, apiculate; filaments 5 mm, anthers 2 mm, oblong; female flowers- staminodes 6, linear; ovary 2 mm, globose, stigma 3, recurved.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and South China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Olikkudy, Vellimala, Kannoth, Mukkali forests
   
 
   
 
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