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  Sida rhomboidea
  Citation:  Sida rhomboidea Roxb. ex Fleming, Asiat. Res. 11. 178. 1810; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 90(65). 1915; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 246. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 62. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 93. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 33. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 39. 1999; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 131. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 156. 2009. Sida rhombifolia var. rhomboidea (Roxb. ex Fleming) Mast. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 324. 1874. Sida rhombifolia L. ssp. rhombifolia sensu Borss., Blumea 14: 193. 1966; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 28. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 84. 1990.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kurumthotti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect, much branched subshrubs to 1.2 m tall; stem usually purplish. Leaves 1.5-5 x 1-3 cm, obovate, rhomboid to lanceolate, base rounded, margins coarsely serrate to crenate, entire towards base, apex subobtuse or acute, 3-nerved from base, sparsely pubescent above and densely stellate-tomentose beneath; petiole to 8 mm long; stipules c. 6 mm long, linear, caducous. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels c. 5 mm in flowers, to 3 cm in fruits, filiform, articulated at about the middle. Calyx c.7 mm across, campanulate, 5-lobed; lobes c. 3 mm long, triangular, tomentose without. Petals yellow, 6-7 x 4-5 mm, obliquely obovate, retuse or emarginate at apex. Staminal column to 3 mm long, stellate-pubescent, antheriferous at apex. Ovary c. 1.5 mm across, depressed globose; styles 8-10; stigmas capitate. Schizocarp 3-4 mm long; mericarps 8-10, c. 3 x 2 mm, trigonous, apex beaked, completely included. Seeds c. 2 mm long, brownish-black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Wastelands
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Rose
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Karimutty, Thekkady, Alleppey town, Chaliyar
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