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  Sida rhombifolia
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Sida rhombifolia L., Sp. Pl. 684. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 323. 1874, in part; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 90(65). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 90. 1984; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 214. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 28. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 78. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 84. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:290.1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 82. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 93. 1997; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 33. 1995; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 245. 1996; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11,18,24. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 62. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 39. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 59. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 38. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 30. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 100. 2002; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 394. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 155. 2009. Sida rhombifolia L. ssp. rhombifolia: Borss., Blumea 14: 193. 1966; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 44. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 72. 1990. Sida rhombifolia L. ssp. rhombifolia var. rhombifolia: T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 214. 1988 Sida alba Cav., Diss. I. 22. t. f. 3. 8. 1785, non L. 1763.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kurunthotti, Vankurunthotti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Broomjute sida
  Description: Subshrubs; branchlets brown, stellate pubescent. Leaves 2-5 x 1.5-3.5 cm, rhomboid, apex acute, base obtuse or cuneate, margins serrate above the upper half, lower side tomentose; petiole 0.5 to 1 cm, stipule to 1 cm, linear. Flowers axillary, solitary or in clusters, yellow; pedicels to 6 mm, tomentose; calyx broadly campanulate, lobes triangular, to 3 mm, tomentose outside; petals 9 x 5 mm, obovate. Schizocarp enclosed in calyx, semiorbicular, 3 mm long; mericarps 8-10, awned at apex, to 1 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Wastelands, also in degraded forest areas
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Kattalappara, Chindaki forest, Thunakkadavu, Damsite, Silent Valley R. F., Ampumala, Vandalodu, Kulathupuzha, Bonaccord, Meenmutty, Athirumala, Pongalapara
   
 
   
 
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