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  Sida fryxellii
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Sida fryxellii Sivar. & Pradeep, Kew Bull. 45: 725. 1990 & Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 259. 1996. 1996; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 259. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 33. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 89. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 129. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect branched undershrubs to 2.5 m tall; stem green, densely stellate-pubescent with occasional simple hairs. Leaves 3-5 x 3.5-7 cm, dimorphic, early ones obovate-orbicular, obtuse, retuse or emarginate at apex, later ones ovate or elliptic, obtuse, rounded or acute at base, all crenate-serrate on margin, 3-5-nerved from base, sparsely pubescent below; petiole to 4 cm long; stipules to 1.5 cm long, linear, cauducous. Flowers solitary in the axils of upper leaves, sometimes in apparent terminal racemes due to reduction of distal leaves; pedicel to 1.5 cm long, articulated, densely stellate-hairy. Calyx 5-8 mm across, campanulate, 5-lobed with 10 prominent nerves, stellate-pubescent without and sparsely within; lobes triangular. Corolla 1-1.5 cm across, yellow; petals to 8 mm long, obliquely obovate, truncate or retuse at apex. Staminal column c. 3 mm long, stellate-hairy; antheriferous at apex. Ovary subglobose, stellate-hairy; styles 8-10; stigma capitate, purplish. Mericarps 8-10, trigonous, reticulate, 2-awned. Seeds brownish to black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Alappuzha, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Ernakulam, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along roadsides and waste places in the plains
  Distribution: South-west Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Poonkavanam, Sabarimala, Alleppey town, Aroor
   
 
   
 
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