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  Sida alnifolia
  Citation:  Sida alnifolia L., Sp. Pl. 684. 1753; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 241. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 61. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 89. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 32. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 29. 2002; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 388. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 127. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 153. 2009. Sida retusa L., Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 961. 1763. Sida rhombifolia L. var. retusa (L.) Mast. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 324. 1874. Sida rhombifolia L. ssp. retusa (L.) Borss., Blumea 14: 198. 1966; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 64. 1988; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 216. 1988; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:289.1993; Anil Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 39. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 90. 2005. Sida rhombifolia L. ssp. alnifolia (L.) Ugborogho, Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 54:70. 1980.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kurunthotti
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Subshrubs to 40 cm tall, strongly branched. Leaves simple, alternate, 1-3 x 0.8-2.5 cm, obovate to elliptic-lanceolate, apex retuse, emarginate, rounded or subacute, base obtuse or rounded, margins irregularly serrate-dentate or crenate to the distal half, entire towards the proximal half, upper surface sparsely pubescent, lower surface densely greyish tomentose; petiole to 4 mm long, stellate-pubescent; stipules c. 3 mm long, linear. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicels 3-4 mm long in flowers, to 2.5 cm in fruits, jointed at about the middle. Calyx 5-6 mm long, c. 6 mm across, pubescent without, 5-lobed; lobes c. 2 mm long, ovate to triangular. Petals yellow, 6-7 x 5-6 mm, obliquely obovate. Staminal column to 3 mm long, antheriferous at apex. Ovary c. 1.5 mm across, depressed globose; styles 7-10; stigma capitate, creamy-yellow. Schizocarp to 4 mm long; mericarps 7-10, included in the calyx, with a pair of short obtuse mucro at apex; seeds c. 2 mm long, black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Thekkady, Thellikkal, Kariamchola, Adoor, Kannoth, Andhakaranazhi, Nedumkayam, Karulai
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