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  Sida acuta
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Sida acuta Burm. f., Fl. Ind. 147. 1768, ssp. acuta: Borss., Blumea 14:186.1966; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 90(64). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 45. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 89. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 76. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 28. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 63. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 76. 1989; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 238. 1996; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 66. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 82. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:281.1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 81. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 33. 1995; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 238. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 61. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 88. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 38. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 32. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 37. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 29. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 99. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 86. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 387. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 126. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 153. 2009. Sida lanceolata Retz., Obs. Bot. 4: 119. 1786. Sida carpinifolia sensu Mast. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 323. 1874 p.p. non L.f. 1781.
  Malayalam Name(s): Anakurunthotti, Cheruparava, Kurunthotti, Malamkurunthotti, Shiruparuva
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Horn bean leaved sida
  Description: Erect subshrubs to 70 cm tall; branches distichous. Leaves simple, alternate, 3-6 x 1-2 cm, lanceolate to ovate, , apex acute or acuminate, base truncate, margins serrate, entire towards base, sparsely hirsute to glabrate on both surfaces; 3-nerved at base; petiole to 4 mm long; stipules 5-8 x 1-1.5 mm, unequal, one lanceolate, the other linear. Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels to 5 mm long. Calyx 6-8 mm long, campanulate, ciliate on margins, divided to the middle. Petals creamy-yellow, 6-8 mm long, obliquely obovate. Staminal column c. 2 mm long; filaments to 1.5 mm long; anthers pale yellow. Ovary c. 1.5 mm long, ovoid; styles 6-8; stigma globose, yellow. Schizocarp to 5 mm long; mericarps 6-8, c. 3 x 2 mm, trigonous, reticulate, apically 2-awned; seeds c. 2 mm long, trigonous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-700
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Chinnar, Thekkady, Thunakkadavu, Aruvanpara, Kakki hills, Chandanathode, Tolpetty, Aralam, Kalliassey, Taliparamba, Olavakkot, Madheswar temple area, Chengalayi, Alleppey town, Pooyamkutty, Nedumkayam, Kanjirakadavu, Vazhikadavu, Va
   
 
   
 
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