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  Senna surattensis
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Senna surattensis (Burm.f.) Irwin & Barneby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 79. 1982; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 215. 2001; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 331. 2009. Cassia surattensis Burm. f., Fl. Ind. 97. 1768; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 146. 1989. Cassia glauca Lam., Encycl. 1: 647. 1785; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 265. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 403(285). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Glaucous Cassia, Kolomona, Scrambled Egg Bush
  Description: Shrubs; branchlets ribbed, thinly pubescent. Leaves alternate rachis(including petiole) 8-20 cm long, ribbed; leaflets 6-10 pairs, 2-5 x 0.8-2 cm, strongly accrescent, elliptic or oblong to obovate-oblong, obtuse at apex, oblique at base, discolourous, glabrous or pubescent beneath, 2-3 times as long as broad, secondary veins 6-9 pairs; petioles 2-4 cm long; stipules upto 1.5 cm long, linear-ensiform, inflexed, pubescent, subpersistent. Glands 1-2.4 x 0.3-0.7 mm, cylindric-subclavate, stipitate, between lower 1 to 3 pairs of leaflets. Racemes 5 to 20-flowered, in the axils of upper leaves, corymbose; peduncles 2.5-8 cm long; pedicels 1.5-2.5 cm long, thinly pubescent; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 2-7 x 1-2.7 mm, acute-acuminate, reflexed, persistent upto anthesis, with 2 subclavate glands. Sepals obtuse, pubescent outside in bud, outer 2 half the length of inner ones, inner ones 5-8 mm long. Petals 0.8-2.5 cm long and about as wide, yellow. Stamens 10, subequal, all fertile; anthers with narrow and deflexed top, dehiscing by apical pores and lateral rims. Ovary stipitate, silky hairy; style 1.5-3 mm long, pubescent; stigma punctiform. Pods 4-10 x 0.8-1.8 cm, strap-shaped, flat, thin-valved, sepatate, dark brown; seeds 10-13, brown, 5-7 x 2.5-4 mm, oblong, narrowed at hilum end, blackish, shiny; areole 2.5-4 x 1.2-1.8 mm, oblong, on both flat faces.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Occasionally cultivated
  Distribution: Native of South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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