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  Senna sophera
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Senna sophera (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 347. 1832; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 199. 2001; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 329. 2009. Cassia sophera L., Sp. Pl. 379. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 262. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 401(284). 1919; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 144. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 166. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 145. 1989; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 21. 1992; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 117. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 122. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 199. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 258. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ponnanthakara, Ponnavirum
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Senna sophera, Pepper leaved Senna
  Description: Shrubs or subshrubs to 2.5 m tall. Leaves 15-22 cm long; leaflets 6-10 pairs, 2.5-6 x 1-2.5 cm, lanceolate, base rounded, apex acute or acuminate; rachis bearing a clavate gland at base; stipules c. 6 mm long, ovate, caducous. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, 4-10-flowered, corymbose raceme. Flowers yellow; pedicels 0.8-1.4 cm long; bracts 4-5 mm long, ovate-acute. Sepals 5-6 mm long, ovate-obtuse. Petals yellow, 1-1.5 cm long, orbicular to obovate, obtuse. Stamens 10, the 3 lower with longer filaments. Pods 5-8 x 0.5-0.9 cm, linear-oblong, compressed. Seeds c. 4 x 3.5 mm, suborbicular, compressed, brownish.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-February
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kannur, Kollam, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along roadsides in forest areas, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vallakkadavu, Vallicode, Begur, on way to Kottiyur, Kumbla, Kasaragod, Kayamkulam, Vandalodu
   
 
   
 
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