Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Senna sericea
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Senna sericea (Sw.) Albrecht & Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 19: 96. 2000. Cassia sericea Sw., Fl. Ind. Occ. 2: 724. 1798; Raghavan, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 22: 225. 1982; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 256. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect annual subshrubs to 150 cm tall. Whole palnt rufous hairy, especially the younger parts. Leaves paripinnate; rachis with stipitate yellow glands between each pair of leaflets; leaflets 3-4 pairs, opposite, subsessile, 2-5 x 1.5-3.5 cm, obovate-oblong, lowest pair smallest, base cuneate, apex rounded, apiculate, rufous hairy. Raceme axillary, 3-7-flowered; peduncle up to 1.5 cm long. Flowers yellow, c. 1 cm across; pedicel 3-5 mm long with a single stipitate gland near the base; bracts 5-10 mm long, linear, rufous hairy. Sepals 5, orbicular-cupular; outer 3 c. 3 mm long, with rufous long hairs externally; inner 2 c. 5 mm long, glabrous, margin ciliate. Petals 5, 5-6 x 4-5 mm, obovate, obtuse or rounded at apex; posterior one oblong with turncate or emerginate apex, shortly clawed at base. Fertile stamens 6-7, intermingled with stalked glands; filaments c. 2 mm long; anthers 1.5-2 mm long. Staminodes 3-4, 1.7-2.6 mm long, apex spathulate. Ovary sessile, c. 3 mm long, hirsute; style incurved; stigma turncate. Pods 3-6 in clusters, 10-40 x 3-4 mm, linear, slightly 4-gonous, very hairy when young, lesser afterwards, 3-9-seeded, beaked. Seeds 4-5 x 2.5-2 mm, sub-quadrangular- rhomboidal, brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Alappuzha
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Wastelands
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chengannur
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online