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  Senna septemtrionalis var. septemtrionalis
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Senna septemtrionalis (Viv.) Irwin & Barneby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 365. 1982, var. septemtrionalis; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 187. 2001. Cassia septemtrionalis Viv., Elench. Pl. (Viviani) 14. 1802.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattukonna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Hedionda-macho, Hill Cassia, Smooth Senna, Wild Senna
  Description: Shrubs, 1-2 m high, glabrous. Leaves alternate, rachis (including petiole) 8-15.5 cm long; leaflets 3-5 pairs, 3.5-9 x 1.5-3.5 cm, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, glabrous, prominently nerved; petioles 1.5-5 cm long, grooved, glabrous; petiolules 1-2 mm long; stipules ca 7 mm long, linear-lanceolate, somewhat falcate, glabrous. Glands present between all or sometimes all except between the upper most pair of leaflets, 1.5-3 mm long, shortly stipitate, cylindric, fusiform or clavate-oblong, obtuse. Flowers in axillary or terminal, 5-10 cm long corymbs; peduncles 2-4 cm long; pedicels 1.8-2.5 cm long; bracts linear, acute, caducous; bracteoles lacking. Sepals 6-10 mm long, oblong to ovate, unequal, obtuse, glabrous. Petals yellow, 1-2 cm long, sessile, ovate-sub-orbicular. Fertile stamens 7; two anthers ca 7 mm long, shortly falcate, on longer filaments; 4 anthers smaller, straight, on rather short filaments; 1 anther very small and narrow; all anthers sagittate at base, dehiscing by apical pores; staminodes 3, anther-like. Ovary and style glabrous; stigma subapical, punctiform. Pods 6-11 x 1-1.5 cm, linear-oblong, flat, transversely septate between the seeds, thin-walled, 40 to 50-seeded, tardily dehiscent along one suture; seeds 6-8 mm long, ovate, subcompressed, narrowed and notched at hilum, 2-seriate; areole absent; albumen copious.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-December
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Grown along fences in the High Ranges
  Distribution: Native of tropical Africa, introduced elsewhere
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Devicolam, Devicolam-Munnar road
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