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  Senna occidentalis
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Senna occidentalis (L.) Link, Handb. 2: 140. 1831; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 170. 2001; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 108. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 329. 2009. Cassia occidentalis L., Sp. Pl. 377. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 262. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 401(284). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 97. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 162. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 144. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 165. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 145. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 221. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 182. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 19. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 166. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 117. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 163. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 107. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 235. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 122. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 113. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 199. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 256. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karinthakara, Mattanthakara, Nathramthakara, Peyaviram, Ponnari, Ponnariveeram, Ponnionthakara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Coffee-senna, Fetid senna, Negro coffee, Septicweed
  Description: Erect subshrubs up to 2 m tall. Leaves up to 22 cm long; leaflets 4-5 pairs, 2.5-7 x 1.5-3.5 cm , ovate-lanceolate, apex acute or acuminate, base rounded, glabrous or pubescent; rachis to 18 cm long with a sessile, hemispherical gland at base; stipules 4-7 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, caducous. Flowers c. 2 cm across, in terminal and axillary racemes, to 3 cm long; pedicels 0.8-1.2 cm long; bracts linear-lanceolate. Sepals 6-10 mm long, ovate, obtuse, mucronate. Petals 5, yellow, 1-1.5 cm long, obovate. Stamens 10, unequal, only 7 fertile. Pods 5-9 x 0.6-0.8 cm, linear, compressed; seeds 20-25, 4-5 x 3-4 mm, ovate or suborbicular, compressed, brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along roadsides and waste lands
  Distribution: Native of South America; naturalised in Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Chinnar, Thekkady, Thunakkadavu, Adoor, Tolpetty, Manantody, Pappinisseri, Taliparamba, Bhavani river bank, Walayar, Kasaragod, Alappuzha beach, Kayamkulam, Nellikuth, Karimpuzha, Thenmalai, Vandalodu
   
 
   
 
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