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  Senna fruticosa
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Senna fruticosa (Mill.) Irwin & Barneby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 121. 1982; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 136. 2001. Cassia fruticosa Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed.8) 10. 1768; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 96. 1982. Cassia bacillaris L.f., Suppl. Pl. 231. 1781.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs to small trees, to 4 m high, young parts greyish pubescent. Leaves alternate; rachis (including petiole) 4-6 cm long; leaflets 2 pairs, 4-16.5 x 2-7 cm, upper pair largest, obliquely ovate, acute-acuminate, very unequal-sided at the base, glabrous above, puberulous beneath, membranous; petioles ca 3 cm long, pubescent; petiolules ca 3 mm long; stipules 3-4 mm long, linear, acute, pubescent, caducous. Gland solitary, nipple-shaped, between lowest pair of leaflets. Flowers in short, slender, 4-5 cm long racemes, terminal, congested, corymbiform; bracts linear or lanceolate-subulate, 2-5 mm long, deciduous. Sepals about 1 cm long, oblong, membranous. Petals 2-3 x 2 cm, obovate or suborbicular, pubescent externally, yellow; claw 1-3 mm long. Fertile stamens 7, anthers of three lower filaments 5-6 mm long, puberulous, with 1-porose beak, thick, strongly curved; anthers of 4 filaments 4-6 mm long, slightly incurved, with 2-porose beak; staminodes absent or reduced. Ovary curved, appressed pubescent. Pods 15-25 x 1-1.5 cm, subterete, pendent, slightly annulate, long-beaked, not septate; margins broad, flat, raised; seeds 2-seriate, ovoid-oblong, compressed; areole oblong or elliptic, 2.7-4 x 1.5-2.3 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Kozhikkode
  Habitat: Wastelands in plains
  Distribution: Tropical America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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