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  Senna alata
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Senna alata (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 349. 1832; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 99. 2001. Cassia alata L., Sp. Pl. 378. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 264. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 404(286). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 96. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 162. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 143. 1989; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 143. 1985; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 14. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 164. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 117. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 232. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 121. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 197. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 253. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chakrathakara, Elakayam, Malamthakara, Puzhukkadikonna, Puzhukkadithakara, Seema-agathi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Candle Bush, Carrion Crow Bush, Candlesticks, Empress candle plant, Ringworm Cassia, Winged Senna
  Description: Erect shrubs to 4 m tall. Leaves 28-60 cm long; leaflets 6-12 pairs, 4-13 x 2-6 cm, oblong to obovate-oblong, apex rounded, base rounded to subcordate; stipules 1-2 cm long, deltoid, base auriculate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, many-flowered spicate raceme, 40-60 cm long. Flowers yellow; pedicels 4-8 mm long; bracts petaloid, yellow, 1-2 cm long, ovate-elliptic, subacute. Sepals 1-1.5 cm long, yellow. Petals yellow, 1.5-2 cm long, obovate. Stamens 10, anthers 2 large, 5 medium-sized, and 3 small. Pods 9-14 x 1.5-2 cm, linear, 4-winged, septate, dehiscen; seeds many, 5-7 x 4-5 mm, rhomboid, compressed, dark brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along riversides and margins of ponds
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Koruthode, Tiruvalla, Chengalayi, Nedumudy, Nedumkayam, Vandalodu
   
 
   
 
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