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  Sechium edule
 
  Family: CUCURBITACEAE
  Citation:  Sechium edule ( Jacq. ) Sw., Fl. Ind. OcciD. 2: 1150. 1800; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 100. 1982. Sicyos edulis Jacq., Enum. Syst. 32. 1760.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chow Chow, Mysore mathan, Seema kathirikka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Chayote, Chow Chow, Pipinola
  Description: Monoecious climber. Leaves palmately lobed, to 20 cm wide, chartaceous, base cordate; tendrils glabrous, 3-5-fid. Staminate: racemes to 30-flowered, fascicled; peduncles to 25 cm. Calyx-tube sub-globose; lobes 5, elongate, 6 mm. Corolla rotate, deeply 5-lobed; lobes ovate-lanceolate. Stamens 3; filaments connate into a column; anthers free, 1-celled, 2-celled; pistillode 0. Pistillate: solitary or paired, generally coaxillary with staminate. Calyx and corolla as in staminate. Staminode 0. Ovary 1-celled, 5-sulcate; ovule 1, pendulous; style slender, 3 mm; stigma 5-lobed, lobes recurved. Fruit obovate, fleshy, 10 x 7 cm, deeply 5-sulcate; seed 1, ovoid.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated as vegetable in the High Ranges
  Distribution: Native of tropical America, cultivated elsewhere
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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