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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Schumannianthus virgatus
 
  Family: MARANTACEAE
  Citation:  Schumannianthus virgatus (Roxb.) Rolfe, J. Bot. 14: 244. 1907; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1494(1043). 1928; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 409. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 381. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 315. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 471. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 502. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 475. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 382. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 27. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 464. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 338. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 717. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 450. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 347. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 712. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 501. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 867. 2009. Phrynium virgatum Roxb., Asiat. Res. 11: 324. 1810. Maranta virgata (Roxb.) Wall. ex Wight, Ic. t. 2015. 1853. Clinogyne virgata (Roxb.) Benth. in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 3: 651. 1883; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 258. 1892.
  Malayalam Name(s): Channa, Kookkila, Malamkoova, Rakkila, Kattukuppa
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect herbs, to 4 m high; stem thickened at nodes. Leaves bifarious, to 40 x 18 cm, ovate-oblong, cuspidate at apex, rounded at base; petiole to 1 cm long; sheath to 20 cm long, open. Panicle to 50 cm long, branches slender, dichotomous; bracts 3-5 x 0.6 cm, lanceolate. Flowers paired in each bract. Sepals small. Corolla white, tube short; lobes oblong. Stamens 1, outer staminodes petalloid, white, to 1.5 cm long; inner staminodes smaller. Ovary densely hairy, 3-celled, solitary in each cell, basal. Berry obovoid, rugose.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kasaragode, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen, moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests in marshy areas
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-700
  Localities: Vazhachal, Kallar, Kokkara, Pooppara, Mananthavady, Thekkuthode, Campshed area, Pathenthode, Chandanathode, Anachal - way to Vellathuval, Maloth, Nadugani ghats, Hereford, Vandalodu, Ariankavu, Koviltherimala, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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